Single - dlaczego jest ich więcej, niż kiedykolwiek przedtem?
Dlaczego - Single by Energy Girls Spotify
Dlaczego - Single by Kogo to Obchodzi Spotify
Dlaczego Roman Dmowski pozostał singlem do końca życia ...
Nowa Atlantyda - Wiecie dlaczego jestem singlem? :)
Listen to Dlaczego on Spotify. Kogo to Obchodzi · Single · 2020 · 1 songs. Listen to Dlaczego on Spotify. Energy Girls · Single · 2018 · 1 songs. Wiecie dlaczego jestem singlem? :). - deleted -:DDD Każda laska, która jeszcze nie ma dzieci, wybierze brutala a nie 'dobrego', bo tak działają jej hormony - szuka silnego samca...:))) Więc od czasu do czasu, musisz jej robić kosmiczną awanturę, 'że zupa była za słona', a potem w łóżku, kiedy jest jeszcze roztrzęsiona po aferze, tak ją wychędożyć, żeby się jej przepaliły ... Dlaczego nadal jesteś singlem? Chandramukhi 5 miesięcy temu. 672. 439 Obserwuj autora Dodaj do ulubionych 0. Udostępnij. 220. Skomentuj. 672. Super! Zaznacz poprawną odpowiedź, aby przejść do następnego pytania. Zauważyłeś literówkę lub błąd? Napisz do nas. ... Dlaczego tacy? Bardzo proste, mają więcej czasu. Człowiek żonaty z dziećmi bardziej skupia się na rodzinie, a nie na politycznej karierze, na którą po prostu braknie czasu. Oto dlaczego musimy przestać zawstydzać ludzi, którzy poddali się chirurgii plastycznej! 20 nostalgicznych zdjęć, które zrozumieją tylko starsi ludzie! Ten mężczyzna udostępnił zdjęcia przed i po 745 dniach od rzuceniu narkotyków. Single, którzy czują się samotni natomiast to druga grupa. Sami nie do końca rozumieją dlaczego wziąć pozostają sami. Najczęściej spotykanym wyjaśnieniem w przypadku tej grupy jest stwierdzenie, że osoby takie nie znalazły jeszcze odpowiedniego partnera. Sprawdź dlaczego tak naprawdę jesteś singlem. 22 razy, kiedy ludzie przyłapali swoje koty śpiące razem w dziwnych pozycjach!
Petycje przeciw "ACTA"
2018.11.21 10:38 petitionersPetycje przeciw "ACTA"
Witam Wszystkich Uprzejmie proszę o zapoznanie się z poniższą treścią oraz o wsparcie dla tej petycji jeżeli sprzeciwiacie się nowej dyrektywy o prawach autorskich znanej również jako ACTA 2.0 LINK DO PETYCJI W Komisji Petycji Parlamentu Europejskiego znajduje się oficjalna petycja zatwierdzona przez Parlament do popierania. Petycja nawołuje do głosowania przeciwko artykułom 11 oraz 13 tekstu Dyrektywy o prawach autorskich na jednolitym rynku cyfrowym. Prace nad wspomnianą dyrektywą weszły już w zaawansowany etap tzw. "TRILOG" po tej nietransparentnej formie wypracowania kompromisu pozostał już etap "Ostateczny"- ostatnie głosowanie w PE!Obecnie trwają ostatnie negocjacje w TRILOGU , które niebawem się zakończą WTEDY NIE BĘDZIEMY MOGLI ZROBIĆ JUŻ NIC. Cenzura nadchodzi wielkimi krokami! WAŻNE: aby poprzeć tę petycję należy zarejestrować swoje konto na portalu Parlamentu Europejskiego . W imieniu Nas wszystkich proszę stworzenie konta i o wyrażenie wsparcia tej petycji. Prześlijcie to też swoim znajomym! Dlaczego jest to tak bardzo ważne? Petycje, które są oficjalnie dopuszczone przez Parlament Europejski zazwyczaj mają bardzo niewiele głosów poparcia i przechodzą niezauważone. Potrzebujemy dużej ilości głosów pod tym dokumentem, aby w PE ta petycja nie została zignorowana. Jeżeli będziemy mieli tam kilkaset, a być może kilka tysięcy głosów, to ten fakt będzie z pewnością odnotowany. PE nie może tak łatwo zignorować głosu, który pochodzi bezpośrednio od społeczeństwa. UWAGA: Głosy pod petycją są przeliczane w pewnych odstępach czasowych, więc nie pojawiają się w czasie rzeczywistym (na bieżąco). Z wyrazami szacunku Inicjator petycji Żródło pomocnicze (inspiracja do tworzenia tekst (apelu)) http://www.wykop.pl/ramka/4648099/acta2-oficjalna-petycja-do-pe-w-sprawie-odrzucenia-artykulow-11-oraz-13/
2017.09.24 22:27 dziadek1990An old, super-crappy, unfinished pokemon fanfic from 2004/2005 that I fished out from one of my notebooks (Translated)
(Heh, nice difference of my writing skill between Then and Now...)
TRANSLATED (from Polish):
Another beautiful sunny day has greeted the Johto Region. Happily tweeting bird-pokemon heralded that such weather will be holding for the majority of the incoming summer, which certainly was advantageous for the teens towards whom the summer holidays were approaching with huge steps.
But for one person it was not making any difference; on the corner of two criss-crossing streets stood, leaning against a wall, a teen-aged boy with a full face, portly shoulders, and unnaturally expensive clothing.
Despite all these signs of wealth, which apparently he was dealing with since birth, he had an empty facial expression, and pretty dark eyes tearing out from under brown hair, though at this moment they didn't give off this impression, because even they weren't expressing any signs of happiness, but were merely staring sadly into the feet of their owner.
The said owner of all those features which are found only amongst the members of noble families was Maximilian, the descendant of an ancient house of Gatta, the only son of rich and influential pair of billionaires. Despite all that wealth, of which everyone could only dream, Maximilian de Gatta (or "Max" to friends, who he actually never had) was staring at space without a pause.
He never cried. He was afraid to damage his reputation amongst others, and this was the only immaterial – but real – thing that he owned.
Of love he could forget already, because his parents weren't very interested in raising a son, since there was in life so much enjoyment in the form of money and popularity, but neither could he leave them, because again it was about damaging their reputation. However, when it was about friendship, he could also forget about it, because, even though kids from noble families could visit each other, the whole self-interest in own wealth and talks focused only on it ruined all the charm of a conversation, so Max didn't have much choice left.
When he got bored with standing, he walked away from the wall, still staring at the ground, and he went in the direction of the nearest pokemon store. He wasn't interested in duels, and because of frequently missed lessons he didn't know much about these creatures, but he needed a pet, somebody who even partially would replace him a friend.
After reaching the fairy-tale-level colorful displays he began, without hurry, watching them in detail.
Despite his frequent and systematical lack of presence in the Trainer School, the teachers weren't complaining about it; apparently his belonging to a noble family was sometimes useful, and the teachers who didn't want to anger his parents kept their mouths tightly shut, and lied, claiming that his parents have a perfect son.
The moment Max entered the store he saw that it was almost empty; there were merely two customers in it: a mother and a five-year-old child. Judging by their clothing, even they belonged amongst the rich folk, though Max could guess it even without that; this store belonged to one of the few luxurious, and Max sincerely doubted that an Average Mother would've allowed herself for a purchase of a pokemon for a child at all, much less in such a luxurious store – the pokemon were expensive even without that.
The moment a tiny bell (which informed of entrance of a new customer) rung, the host automatically glanced in the direction of the door, and after seeing Max in his wealthy clothing which suited the newest fashion and his healthy dark hair, he immediately beamed, and after handling he invited Max with an artificial smile towards the shelves, because he knew that another opportunity to fill his own wallet has just came.
Max, having enough of such treatment, simply ignored it, and (even before the man walked away from the counter) he was already right next to the shelves, observing the well-cared and clean creatures.
Quietly he was hurt by the fact that even the pokemon were raised in such a way that they treated every customer with respect bordering on worship.
After longer browsing of the shelves with cages in which every pokemon from a tiny Azurill through Growlithe up to a Ponyta with its own paddock. Literally every pokemon was giving you that seemingly honest (but despite that, a drilled-into and killed-into their tiny minds) worship.
Max was disgusted by this view. He knew that no creature situated in such circumstances like these pokemon, no creature with common sense would've wanted only one thing: to return to freedom.
Such pokemon also in no way would be fit for a pet, so Max turned his head around with distaste, and started looking for the others. The host apparently noticed it, because he asked in his awfully artificial polite voice: "Did Sir make a choice?"
Max shivered at those words; he almost forgot that he was not alone here, and after a moment of silence he asked with a hope in his soul, that the salesman will understand what he means: "Excuse me, but don't you have some.... uhhhh... OTHER pokemon?"
He stressed the word "OTHER" a bit, wanting to help the destroyed-by-cash mind of the man, but he, apparently taking it for an insult, said in a slightly less polite tone, besides that unfazed: "You know... we have wonderful Eevee, just look, how sweet."
Deciding that this way he won't get anywhere, Max started penetrating the shop more accurately; honestly , all of his absences at school he spent on visiting such shops, but in every one of them so far he saw the same artificial smiles that weren't very different from each other. Glad that the useful-for-nothing-and-shining-his-smile-everywhere owner unstuck himself from him upon seeing a group of other customers – this time at Max's age, so about 15 years old.
The shop immediately filled with crowd noises, and Max got interested with the fact, that the majority of teenagers wasn't rich at all, but they still entered the shop without any hesitance – that fact however did not please the shop-keeper, and this time it wasn't easy for him to hide his displeasure, but it wasn't just that, because from the inside of the shop in a room that was behind the doors that were behind the counter a muffled growling could be heard, and suddenly this happened in a single moment:
The angry and panicked host shooed the crowd of surprised students out of the shop and the moment he slammed the door, and explosion happened – or at least that's how it seemed to max for the first few moments.
It turned out to be a pokemon, that escaped from the said room behind the counter. It was doing a total demolition in the store, and, having scared the other pokemon, it chased them into a corner and only then it stopped so you could see it more accurately.
The first fact that surprised Max was its size; this furry fellow was about half a meter tall. It was a fox with short beige-red fur, and despite its wildness had a beautiful coat which was included in its fringe and tails which it had... six!
Said animal after a slight calming down stopped being interested in demolition and headed for the front door when--
"GO! Blastoise!" Those words yelled the now-slightly-calmed-down shopkeeper, while holding in his stretched-out hand a small red-white metal ball, which at this very moment shone red and materialized before them a huge pokemon.
Blastoise, apparently bored with this event, without any ado fainted the fox with one accurate water-shot and then caught it into a second "pokeball" which he [the owner] had in his pocket – that's how the said ball was named.
Max was observing the whole scene speechless, and the moment things went quiet the host with his employees and pokemon took care of the repair and cleaning of the store, and saw Max standing near the devastated cages, whose denizens were still standing, afraid, in the corner.
"What are you doing here?! You saw that we're closing! Something could've happened to y--!" "What was that pokemon?" Max interrupted him, having regained the control over his own tongue.
"What..? You'd better not be interested in it, you'd better leave this place before something happens to you." – that was a totally different tone than the one which he heard before this incident, and even though the salesman wasn't being too polite now, Max valued his (so far not encountered by Max) honesty towards him, but under these circumstances it didn't matter much. "I am fine, nothing's happened to me – the shelf has missed me by a hair's breadth," Max was calming him down, "Just tell me what kind of pokemon was that!" "What's with this tone? Why the hell would I have to spill anything to such whipster whenever he has a whim!" "Tell me!" The owner was clearly furious, but he didn't care THAT much about keeping the pokemon's identity a secret, because after a moment he quieted down and mumbled something under his own nose, and said: "Okay, whatever... If it weren't for that that you're nobility, I'd break your legs. That pokemon is a savage, just like every pokemon that ends up in this store... but eventually we succeed appeasing every one of them, however with THIS ONE we are having small problems." "So why won't you release it? You could become bankrupt because of the damage caused by it, and by your behavior I can see that it is doing all of that systematically, I really don't underst--" "But whipster, it is a VULPIX!" he interrupted him with a tone as if it was something obvious, "Even if this furry makes a bit of mischief here at first, WHEN it finally becomes well-behaved, we'll sell it and do you even know how much such a foxie is WORTH, how RARE it is??" The salesman was talking in an excited whisper, "...such a rare pokemon will return us all those months of suffering and EVEN MORE! The gain will be worth at least 700% of our losses so far! We'll climb to the very top!"
The salesman finally yelled, so loudly that several employees looked, and he suddenly remembered himself and addressed Max with a clearly artificially-polite tone: "And now Sir might kindly leave..." But Max didn't move, he was thinking about the words said by the shopkeeper: 'The moment he'll be well-behaved, we'll sell it.' … 'well-behaved' … no … he can't let that happen.
"I'm buying it!" A silence occurred. The host so far kept encouraging Max to leave the devastated store, and when he said those words, the host became speechless. "What... what are you buying?" the shop's owner apparently wasn't certain if he heard his words correctly, so Max repeated them with an even bigger finality: "I'm buying it here and now. Just please tell me how much do I pay. The salesman still couldn't believe those words, and said something, this time a bit quieter, and with honest disbelief:
"You, you really want to buy it..." "Of course!" Max informed him, "I do not require any training of that pokemon, I pay normally so it is an advantage to you guys, right?" "And yes, and no." "What?" Max became surprised, as he was preparing his wallet. "When they see what a savage pokemon you recieved from us, they'll stop coming to me. They'll think we're selling a lousy commodity."
Max didn't react positively to the last several words, but he didn't give up. "Oh, come on, I'll inform everybody that this is exactly the kind of pokemon that I wanted."
"But ask your parents for permission, everybody knows them, so you can't do any funny stuff and keep doing it in secret." "So it means that you agree to this?" "Well... yes."
Chapter II "A friend" Taking care of the Vulpix Issue went without any obstacles. The only problem however could be the attempt at taming it. To that goal Max went with a pokeball onto a meadow on the very edge of the Goldenrod City.
ORIGINAL LANGUAGE (Polish):
Kolejny piękny słoneczny poranek zaświtał nad Regionem Johto. Wesoło ćwierkające pokemony-ptaki zwiastowały że taka pogoda będzie się utrzymywała przez większość nadchodzącego lata, co z pewnością było na rękę młodzieży do której letnie wakacje zbliżały się wielkimi krokami. Ale jednej osobie nie sprawiało to różnicy; na rogu dwóch przecinających się ulic stał oparty o ścianę wsparty kilkunastoletni chłopiec o pełnej buzi, postawnych ramionach, i niezwykle drogim odzieniu. Pomimo tych wszystkich oznak przepychu, z którym widocznie miał do czynienia od urodzenia, miał on pusty wyraz twarzy i piękne ciemne oczy wydzierające spod brunatnych włosów, chociaż w tym momencie akurat nie robiły takiego wrażenia, bowiem i one nie wyrażały żadnych oznak radości, tylko wpatrywały się smutno w stopy swojego właściciela.
Owym właścicielem tych wszystkich cech spotykanych wyłącznie u członków rodziny szlacheckich był Maximilian, potomek starożytnego szlachetnego rodu Gatta, jedyny syn bogatej i wpływowej pary miliarderów. Pomimo tych wszystkich bogactw, o których każdy mógłby tylko śnić, Maximilian de Gatta, albo Max, dla przyjaciół, których tak na prawdę nigdy nie miał, patrzył bez przerwy w przestrzeń.
Nigdy nie płakał, bał się naruszyć swoją reputację wśród innych, a to była jedyna niematerialna, ale prawdziwa rzecz, jaką posiadał.
O miłości mógł już zapomnieć, bowiem jego rodziców nie bardzo interesowało wychowanie syna skoro miało się w życiu tyle przyjemności w postaci pieniędzy i popularności, ale nie mógł również ich opuścić, bowiem tu znowu chodziło o naruszenie ich reputacji.
Natomiast, jeżeli chodziło o przyjaźń to też mógłby sobie odpuścić, bowiem w prawdzie dzieciom rodzin szlacheckich można było się wzajemnie odwiedzać, ale zainteresowanie innych tylko na punkcie własnego bogactwa i rozmowy tylko w tym kierunku psuły cały urok, więc Maxowi nie zostało wiele do wyboru. Gdy tylko znudziło mu się stanie odszedł nadal zapatrzony w podłoże od muru i udał się w kierunku najbliższego sklepu z pokemonami. Nie interesowały go w prawdzie pojedynki, i z powodu często omijanych lekcji w ogóle niewiele wiedział o owych stworzeniach, ale potrzebował jakiegoś pupila, kogoś kto przynajmniej częściowo zastąpiłby mu przyjaciela. Po dotarciu do bajecznie kolorowych wystaw zaczął je dokładnie bez szczególnego pośpiechu przeglądać.
Pomimo częstych i systematycznych nieobecności w szkole trenerskiej, jakoś nauczyciele nie uskarżali się na to; widocznie jego przynależność do rodziny szlacheckiej czasami się przydaje i nauczyciele nie chcąc narazić się rodzicom nie puścili pary z ust i wciskali im kit, jakiego doskonałego mają synka. Gdy tylko Max wszedł do sklepu ujrzał, że jest prawie pusty; było w nim zaledwie dwoje klientów: matka i pięcioletnie dziecko, sądząc po strojach i oni należeli do bogatych ludzi, ale i bez tego by się domyślił; ten sklep należał do jednego z niewielu luksusowych i Max szczerze wątpiłby żeby przeciętna matka pozwoliła sobie na kupno pokemona dziecku w dodatku w tak luksusowym sklepie – pokemony i bez tego były drogie.
Gdy tylko zadzwonił dzwoneczek zwiastujący wejście kolejnego klienta gospodarz automatycznie zerknął w stronę drzwi, a ujrzawszy Maxa w jego bogatym stroju odpowiadającym najnowszej modzie i jego zdrowe ciemne włosy natychmiast się rozpromienił i po obsłużeniu kobiety zaprosił go sztucznym uśmiechem do półek, wiedział bowiem że nadchodzi kolejna okazja do wypchania sobie portfela. Max, mając dość takiego traktowania najzwyczajniej go ignorował i jeszcze zanim mężczyzna oddalił się od lady, był już przy pułkach obserwując zadbane i czyste stworki.
Po cichu dobijał go fakt, że nawet pokemony zostały wyhodowane tak, że każdego klienta obdarowywały szacunkiem graniczącym z czcią.
Po dłuższym wertowaniu półek z klatkami, w których każdy pokemon od malutkiego Azurilla poprzez Growthliego po Ponytę z własnym wybiegiem – dosłownie, każdy pokemon obdarowywał cię tym pozornie szczerym, ale mimo to wwierconym i zabitym w ich małych umysłach uwielbieniem.
Maxa brzydziło na sam ten widok, wiedział że żadna istota znajdująca się w takich okolicznościach jak te Pokemony żadna istota przy zdrowych zmysłach by pragnęła tylko jednego: wrócić na wolność. Taki pokemon także w żadnym wypadku nie nadawałby się na pupila, więc Max tylko odwrócił głowę z niechęcią i rozejrzał się za innymi. Gospodarz najwyraźniej to zauważył, bo zapytał swym obrzydliwie sztucznym uprzejmym głosem: —Czy podjął już pan wybór?
Max drgnął na dźwięk jego słów; prawie zapomniał, że nie jest tu sam a po chwili milczenia zapytał z nadzieją w duchu, że sprzedawca zrozumie, o co mu chodzi: —Przepraszam, ale czy nie ma pan jakichś... eee...INNYCH pokemonów?...
Na słowo "Innych" dał niewielki nacisk, chcąc dopomóc zniszczonemu przez gotówkę umysłowi mężczyzny, ale ten najwyraźniej uznając to za obrazę przemówił nieco mniej przymilnym tonem, ale nie dając się poza tym zbić z tropu: —Wie pan... mamy wspaniałe Eevee, niech pan spojrzy, jakie słodkie.
Stwierdziwszy, że w ten sposób nigdzie nie dojdzie, Max zaczął dokładniej penetrować sklep; prawdę mówiąc wszystkie swe nieobecności w szkole spędzał na odwiedzaniu takich właśnie sklepów, ale w każdym spotykał do tej pory te same sztuczne uśmiechy nieróżniące się wiele od siebie. Rad, że do niczego nie przydatny i błyskający zewsząd uśmiechem właściciel się od niego odkleił ujrzawszy gromadkę kolejnych klientów -- tym razem w wieku Maxa, czyli ok. 15 lat.
Sklep od razu napełnił się gwarą a Maxa zainteresował fakt, że większość z młodzieży wcale nie była bogata, ale mimo to tutaj weszła bez żadnego wahania – ten fakt jednak nie zadowolił jednak sklepikarza i tym razem nie było mu łatwo ukryć niezadowolenia jednak tego było mało: bowiem z wnętrza sklepu w pokoju znajdującego się za drzwiami stojącymi za ladą zaczął dobiegać stłumiony warkot i nagle to się wydarzyło w jednej chwili: wściekły i spanikowany gospodarz wygonił tłumek zaskoczonych uczniów ze sklepu i gdy tylko zatrzasnął drzwi to nastąpił wybuch – tak przynajmniej się Maxowi przez pierwsze kilka chwil wydawało.
Okazało się, że to był pokemon, który uciekł z owego pomieszczenia za ladą; robił totalną demolkę w sklepie i przestraszywszy inne pokemony zapędził je w narożnik dopiero wtedy się zatrzymał i można się było mu dokładniej przyjrzeć: pierwszym faktem, jaki zaskoczył maxa był jego rozmiar: otóż owy futrzak miał około pół metra wzrostu, był to lis o krótkiej beżowo rudej sierści i pomimo tej swojej dzikości miał piękne długie futro wchodzące w skład jego grzywki i porastające jego ogony, których miał... sześć!
Owy zwierzak po nieznacznym uspokojeniu się przestał sie interesować demolką i zmierzał już ku drzwiom frontowym, gdy: —Ruszaj! Blastoise! – te słowa wykrzyknął już nieco uspokojony sklepikarz, trzymając w wyciągniętej przed siebie dłoni małą czerwono-białą metalową kulę, która w jednym momencie zabłysła czerwienią i zmaterializowała przed nimi ogromnego pokemona.
Blastoise najwyraźniej znużony tym wydarzeniem bez ceregieli pozbawił lisa przytomności jednym celnym strzałem wodnym a następnie złapał go w drugiego pokeballa, którego trzymał w kieszeni, tak bowiem nazywała się owa kula. Całej tej scenie Max przyglądał się oniemiały a gdy tylko ucichło i gospodarz ze swymi pracownikami i pokemonami zajęli się naprawą i sprzątaniem sklepu, zauważyli Maxa stojącego przy zdewastowanych klatkach, których mieszkańcy nadal przestraszeni stali w kącie.
—Co tu robisz?! Przecież widziałeś, że zamykamy! Mogło ci się coś...! —Co to za pokemon? – przerwał mu Max odzyskawszy w końcu władzę w języku. —Co..? Lepiej by cię to nie interesowało, lepiej wyjdź z tąd zanim jeszcze coś ci się stanie — to był zupełnie inny ton niż ten, który słyszał przed owym incydentem, i mimo że sprzedawca nie był zbyt uprzejmy to max cenił u niego dawno niespotykaną szczerość do swej osoby, ale w tych okolicznościach niewiele to znaczyło. —Nic mi nie jest – półka minęła mnie o włos – uspokajał go Max. —Pan mi tylko powie, co to za pokemon! —Co to za ton? Niby z jakiej beki miałbym takiemu smarkaczowi wygadać wszystko, na co go ochota najdzie..! —Niech pan mówi!
Właściciel był wyraźnie wściekły, ale nie zależało mu na ukrywaniu tożsamości owego pokemona, bo się po chwili uciszył mrucząc coś pod nosem i po chwili się odezwał: —Dobra, a co mi tam... gdyby nie to, że jesteś ze szlachty to bym ci już połamał nogi. Ten pokemon to dzikus, jak każdy z początku pokemon, który trafia do tego sklepu, ale z czasem udaje się nam każdego udobruchać, chociaż z tym są małe problemy. —To dlaczego go nie wypuścicie, przecież na zniszczeniach wywołanych przez niego możecie zbankrutować a widać po waszym zachowaniu że robi to systematycznie, naprawdę nie rozu... —Ale smarkaczu to Vulpix — przerwał mu tonem jakby było to czymś oczywistym. —Nawet jeżeli ten futrzak trochę tu napsoci to, gdy będzie już należycie wyhodowany, sprzedamy go a ty wiesz ile taki lisek jest wart, jaki jest rzadki? sprzedawca mówił podnieconym szeptem –...tak rzadki pokemon odda nam te wszystkie miesiące cierpień z nawiązką, zysk będzie wart przynajmniej 700% dotychczasowych strat, wespniemy się na szczyty!
Krzyknął dobitnie sprzedawca tak głośno że kilka pracowników się obejrzało, lecz w net się opamiętał i zwrócił się do Maxa teraz wyraźnie celowo sztucznie-uprzejmym tonem: —a teraz pan byłby łaskaw wyjść... Lecz Max się nie ruszał, zastanawiał się nad wypowiedzianymi przez sklepikarza słowami: "Gdy tylko będzie należycie wychowany, sprzedamy go" ... "Należycie wychowany" ... nie... nie może do tego dopuścić...
—Kupuję go! Nastąpiła cisza, gospodarz przez cały czas zachęcał Maxa do opuszczenia zdewastowanego sklepu, a gdy ten wypowiedział te słowa – oniemiał. —Co... co kupujesz?.. —właściciel sklepu nie był najwyraźniej pewien że dobrze usłyszał jego słowa, więc Max powtórzył je jeszcze dobitniej: —Kupuję go tu i teraz. Proszę mi tylko powiedzieć ile płacę. Sprzedawca nadal nie mógł uwierzyć w te słowa i powiedział coś, tym razem nieco ciszej i ze szczerym niedowierzeniem:
—Ty, ty naprawdę chcesz go kupić... —No jasne! — uświadomił mu Max — Nie wymagam tresowania tego pokemona, a płacę normalnie więc jest to wam na rękę, co? —I tak, i nie. —Co? — Zdziwił cię Max, szykując już portfel. —Gdy zobaczą jakiego zdziczałego pokemona od nas dostałeś, przestaną do mnie przychodzić. Uznają że sprzedajemy lipny towar.
Max nie zareagował pozytywnie na kilka ostatnich słów, ale i nie dał za wygraną. —No co ty, przecież poinformuję każdego że właśnie takiego pokemona chciałem. —Ale zapytaj o pozwolenie swoich rodziców, każdy ich zna, więc nie masz co kombinować i robić z tego tajemnicy. —Czy to znaczy że pan się zgadza? —No... tak.
Rozdział II "Przyjaciel"
Załatwienie sprawy z Vulpixem obeszło się bez żadnych przeszkód, jedynym problemem jednak mogła stanowić próba oswojenia go. W tym celu Max udał się z pokebalem na polanę na samym skraju miasta Goldenrod.
2017.04.19 06:44 charluExcellente description de la fraude fiscale systémique en Europe (en anglais, original en polonais)
Lu hier sur europe (lien), la traduction d'un texte polonais sur la fraude fiscale en Europe (lien) Merci à l'auteur du post u/ProblemY ** The Austrians plucked the Czechs, so the Czechs found their own fat bear. Now they pluck us. Poland loses on tax optimization 46 billion zlotys annually. Europe - 300 billion euros. Interview with prof. Dominik Gajewski. What is the cause? - (Interviewer questions marked by text)
Lack of solidarity. In 2008 came the crisis and each country began to deal on its own. Save yourself anyone who can! Let's take Austria: they've had a trouble with the banks, exports fell by 20 percent, so what did they do? They plucked their neighbors. The government has put in place regulations that allow holding companies from other European countries to tax profits at a low rate. "Come to us, and we will give you a real rate of several percent." Impudent way, but effective. It was mainly at the expense of Italy, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
Because companies started moving factories to Austria?
Not at all! Only profits on paper. If you run a large furniture company in Italy, you will not move the whole circus to Austria. What for? You register a company in Vienna and since then you pay only 6% tax rate.
This is in line with EU law?
It is not. The Czechs were furious. They formally protested to the European Commission. "How is it? Austria pulls out such con, and you do not react. " Brussels has launched a control procedure.
Like with our Constitutional Tribunal?
Yes. They formed a comittee. The matter was investigated by the comittee. They questioned the representatives of the victim countries and interrogated the Austrians. Arguments, translations, discussions. After a few months Austria got the so called yellow card decision. They appealled. Again arguments, translations, discussions. Time flies. Yellow card has become valid, then there is a red card. Further appeals. It took a year, and the company had a tax haven during all that time. In the end, Brussels has sent a decision to Vienna: "You have to change it."
And Vienna: "You will not tell us what to do!" On the contrary: "But of course, we respect European values, we are very sorry and we are going to change the law". As of December 31, the regulations have been abolished, and since January 1 they have introduced other, which act very similarly. A parody.
There is still a continuation. The Czechs and Slovaks changed the tactics after this lesson: "Great. The EU did not help us, Austria plays cat and mouse with us. Let's do the same thing. " They decided to enter the game and pluck someone else. Who do the Czechs and Slovaks have as such fat bear?
Well of course. Please note how many luxurious cars began to drive around Warsaw on Czech plates. And tourists did not come here. Companies - especially from Silesia - register their activity in the Czech Republic and settle there for tax purposes.
After all, the tax rates for companies in Poland and the Czech Republic are the same. "Because that's what a smart tax haven is, that all seems to be working properly. In Austria officially taxes are also high. "Are we doing tax dumping? Of course not! Look at our rates! "- they write back to Brussels. The Czechs have adopted such tactics: "Come to us, Polish taxpayer, and you will be able to benefit from the principle of taxation hospitality." Hospitality? "How do you get guests at the tea, you do not check their pockets at the door, do you?" The company can reduce its profits by all kinds of costs that are not related to the business. Officially, the tax is 19 percent, but you pay it from one tenth of the actual profit, because the rest can be put into the costs. And real taxation is less than 2 percent. And it benefits the Czechs?
Of course. Because they have no costs as a state. The more a company is working at your neighbor, the better is to have their taxes. Explanation?
Yes. Let's take the example of a big European trading corporation that has thousands of stores and billions of euros of turnover. Its trucks carry goods on the roads of Germany, France, Italy and Poland. The roads are degrading, aren't they? They need to be renovated from the taxes. If the truck has an accident and no one wants to admit to the fault, the court decides who is guilty. Courts are also financed from taxes. If a magazine employee falls off the ladder he lands in a public hospital. When he reaches the retirement age, he gets a pension from the state. And so on. Where the company operates and has turnover it also generates various costs that the state incurs. Taxes are supposed to cover those costs. And suddenly here comes a good uncle in the form of a small Luxembourg or Austria, where the company does not carry out any real activity: "We will let you pay 2 percent, but settle with us." They take all the credit. But this is theft.
Nothing. Officially they do not admit to it. "What are you saying? We have a good tax system, high rates, we respect all the laws." Luxembourg has secretly signed deals with large corporations to tax profits by 1 to 3 percent. In 2014 the journalists revealed this and the Luxleaks scandal has broken out. It turned out that Luxembourg attracted all European business, the 340 largest holding companies. There were everyone on this list. You can guess the names.
There was. Amazon, Google, Lukoil. All important in the world - from the United States to Russia - they paid from their European profits from 1 to 3 percent of tax. If even the name of a large company does not appear in the Luxembourg documents, then there were their different subsidiary companies. Officially, the CIT rate in Luxembourg is 29%. "We have high taxes". And under the table - 1 percent. Because we will apply reliefs and exemptions that do not function anywhere else. They used old regulations from the 1950s that were forgotten and not removed when Luxembourg was admitted to the EU.
Others do so anyway?
Switzerland. Four years ago they lost their strongest card, that is, they were the world center of bank secrecy. The United States has pressured the most because it has been tracking billions of criminal groups around the world, followed their links to Switzerland and bounced off the wall. Finally, the wall has been crushed, the Swiss have agreed to exchange the information. So these murky billions are not flowing there in such a wide stream. It is difficult to live off chocolate, watches and ski slopes. You have to come up with something interesting. And now individual cantons are dealing with corporations.
They are dealing with them?
The specificity of the Swiss system is that each canton has a lot of sovereignty and can set individual tax arrangements according to the needs of the holding companies. As Brussels tries to interfere, Switzerland, which is not in the EU, may say, "It's not your business." Of course, if Brussels's pressure is strong, they will eventually give way, but shortly after in another canton there is a similar solution that allows taxes to be optimized. Recently a referendum took place in Switzerland. Asked whether the state should grant citizenship to grandchildren of immigrants. And by the way, another question was asked, "Neighboring countries and the European Commission are pressing us not to use competitive tax solutions. Do you agree to make these solutions more restrictive? " And the citizens answered, "No". They want holdings to have preferential rates on them. They will only take 3 percent, but it will pay off anyway.
Because it's not their roads that are used.
Yes. Holding opens in Switzerland an office that has 50 square meters and trademark rights. Branches of a holding from other European countries need to transfer hundreds of millions of fees for the use of this trademark to that Swiss company.
And all their profits such a company transfers to Switzerland?
Not all of it. If you are the president of a big international company, you must be smart. In Germany, you leave 5% to tax of real profit, in England - 3% And those leftovers are taxed with their high rates.
So that no one would have any problems with that. If the journalists of "Die Welt" at the press conference ask the president: "Do you pay the taxes?", Then you can answer: "We pay! As much as 30 percent as per the German rates, please look at the balance sheet."
One of the Swiss tricks is a real estate relief. The holdings could deduct from the tax base the mortgage taken on the property. You say: nothing extraordinary, in many countries companies can deduct interest. But there you could deduct the entire capital installment! What does it mean? That holding, instead of paying taxes, bought the property. After five years they were the owner of a large hotel or office building. But why do you hold such an office building in Switzerland, if you do not really do business there?
For nothing. They would sell the property after five years and would get easy money from unpaid taxes. The CEO of the company does not even need to see this office building because everything is done through a specialized office. But if you ask the president about taxes: "We pay! In Switzerland, the rate is 21 percent, please check it out."
The holdings operate cross-border. Some action in our country may not be allowed, but if we transfer it to a company in the Czech Republic, it will be allowed. And another part of our activity will be transferred to a company in Ireland. Tax office is going crazy because they do not know how to approach it. Of course you can go farther, to Africa, to the Cayman Islands. Each holding, creating its tax strategy, has derivative instruments, hybrid instruments, their names officials do not even know. There are still new fashions, some tricks disappear, others appear. Recently what is trendy?
"Shanghai bond loan." All Europe is struggling with it. This instrument is so conceived that it allows you to transfer all your profits to Asia. Transfer it to a company in Shanghai and buy bonds that have a horrendously high interest rate. In corporate slang these papers are called "high-yielding". Control comes: "How is it? You transferred your profits into some Asian bonds? After all, you could buy national bonds." "But those will give me 50 percent of profit, I had an economic goal to do so."
And where is the trick?
This is fiction.
They will not bring such a profit?
But when can it be checked? After five years, when tax liabilities are time-barred (outdated).
In five years the money from these bonds will be withdrawn.
Yes. Without paying tax.
And everyone knows that this is a scam? "But how do you prove it?" The Shanghai bonds are so complicated that poor people like Mrs. Krystyna from the tax office will give up when she will face them. Furthermore, the documents will come in a foreign language. And what if it is Christine from the British tax office?
There will be a different way to break Christine. International corporations monitor states, keep track of court judgments and weaknesses of tax offices. They know what weakness has our Krystyna, and what British Christine. Asia is now a major tax optimization center with an intellectual hub in Kuala Lumpur. They employed the best specialists from the US and Europe, gave them astronomical salaries. As a president of a big company you can fly to Kuala Lumpur and say "I want to transfer 30 billion euros from Central-Eastern Europe." And they will sell you a tailor-made strategy. They will build a hybrid out of a couple of companies and plan on moving their profits between them.
To pay no taxes?
It is usually about to go down to 3 percent. It is roughly like this: you do three moves between companies and then instead of paying 19 percent of tax, you pay some 6-7 percent. Six moves - you can go down to 3 percent. And you can do eighteen moves and then it will be zero.
So the corporate honesty is that today they pay taxes in Europe at 3 percent and graciously do not go down to zero?
Some go down. Many pay 3 percent, others - those with scruples - 6-7 percent. Corporations have at their disposal 600 tax optimization instruments. But it is not everything. If you run a business in ten European countries, it can benefit from interstate agreements to avoid double taxation. They were signed in the 1960s, which is when the term "leasing contract" was unheard of. They are full of holes and do not take into account the phenomena that we face today. But still valid. Today, the double taxation treaty avoids any taxation. Each country has signed between 60 and 150. And remember that international agreements take precedence over national laws. An international corporation can build a network of companies and so juggle that it will pay 0.01 percent of tax. In the light of the law.
Yes. But it does not make sense to use such words and act outraged. I do not want to be seen as a moralist who runs a crusade against holdings. Because states and governments are just as guilty. The lack of effective policy makes the presidents of holding companies have to behave worse.
If you are the CEO who has scruples, and I am the president, who does not have scruples, if you pay taxes, and I - in the same industry - aggressively optimize taxes, who wins? From the savings on taxes I have extra money and throw them into the fight with you. For example, for a year I offer my products below cost.
Dumping prices can not be used in the EU.
Many things are not allowed. Except that as president of the holding I am able to show to every control that the price is not dumped. What can this honest president do? They will last two years, then he will show poor results and the shareholders will fire him. So the presidents of holding companies are people who do not have such scruples. Companies see that states do not react, that there are no sanctions for aggressive optimization. This is the phenomenon of the spoiling of a good taxpayer.
Does the EU know that big companies pay at most a few percent of taxes?
Everyone knows everything. In 2014, after the Luxleaks affair, the Luxembourg government was forced to hand over the documents to the European Commission. They have handed over 7 million. And you can see there clearly that the holdings of their European profits paid taxes of 1-3 percent.
And what? "There was a great outcry, shouting that it was a scandal. And a lot of moralizing. From which did something come out?
Not much. That is why I am the opponent of moralizing, because it serves only to improve our well-being and not any real action.
How much do the European budgets lose?
Every year 300 billion euro. This amount is calculated on the basis of documents from Luxembourg.
That's a lot?
But how much is this? Should this amount go to the budgets, would the deficits no longer be a problem?
It would not be.
You do not need to make cuts in pensions, education and healthcare systems, which took place after the crisis in many EU countries?
Probably not. Even if they would happen, the cuts would not be so big.
So I do not understand something. After all, it is one of the main problems of European governments that they have deficits and still have to save. Netherlands, France and Great Britain - there has been a slimming down of the public sector over the past years and this has provoked public frustration everywhere.
Yes. This is one of the reasons for the wave of populism. Mainstream politicians know that something needs to be done but there is a lack of solidarity. Some try to tax something and others break out and say to the holding company: "Welcome to us". Countries like Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, the Czech Republic, Ireland are dealing with large companies and soon the London will join them too. Many states go to the dark side of the force. And the rest wonders: "Maybe we should join them?" I often overhear in the corridors in Brussels such conversations: "We no longer count on solidarity, we have to protect ourselves." "Maybe it's better to pluck than to be plucked?" Most annoying is that all this is happening within the European Union, where common rules should apply. Every now and then a scandal erupts, they are all morally unhappy, they threaten the holdings, but later Brussels' actions are diluted.
Last year, The European Commission looked at Ireland, that has allowed Apple to tax their profits across Europe at 0.005 percent. It happened at the expense of all EU countries, including Poland, where the company sells its products after all. A scandal erupted, and a committee was set up that estimated that Apple's unpaid taxes were at 13 billion euros. So Brussels said to Ireland: "Well, this time you went overboard. You have to demand that Apple pays back these 13 billion. And if not, you pay it yourself. "
Nothing. Who spoke up? US government. "Why are you nagging our company?". And Ireland immediately humbly proclaimed: "Thank you very much, we do not want this money, because we are a business friendly country."
Economist Thomas Piketty writes: "Ireland was first a miracle, then a disaster, and now it is a scandal. It is unbelievable that the EU would lend them 90 billion euros to rescue Irish banks, while not requiring an increase in company tax rates. We allow this to undermine the tax base of their neighbors, and this has nothing to do with the principles of market economy or liberalism. This is called theft. Lending money to those who robbed us, and not demanding anything in return that would prevent such a situation in the future is stupidity."
I agree with Piketty. But he writes about the official Irish corporate tax which is still low, because it is 12.5 percent. But the companies do not even pay that. We cannot force Ireland to follow fair rules for years. Although they are with us in one club. The biggest problem with Ireland had the United Kingdom, because many of British companies moved there. And now all of the rest of the EU countries will have a problem with the UK, which will begin to deal with the corporations. Companies located in London City must get something.
After Brexit, so they want to continue making business in England. Britain will be a new tax haven, there is no doubt about it. I am confident that they will introduce a one-digit CIT rate. First, it will be a bargaining chip during Brexit negotiations, they will blackmail the rest and then they will introduce it anyway. The tax plague kills us from the inside. For Europe, it is not a problem of tax havens in Panama or in the Cayman Islands, because with that we are able to deal with. The problem is dishonesty between partners.
Facebook in 2014 paid £4,437 of tax in UK.
With billions of revenue.
So, putting it bluntly: if a company is operating in a country, sells its services for billions, gives invoices, then the treasury officials can see it on their computers, can't they?.
They can compare this billion from invoices with a tax of £4237 and report to the finance minister that something is wrong, can't they?.
The British minister can call the president of Facebook and say "You're probably joking! Four thousand pounds of tax? Either pay honestly, or goodbye."
Yes, brilliant solution. Let's assume that I'm Zuckerberg. Why would I need to sell services as a company registered in England? I will sell these services as an Irish company.
"If you do not pay your taxes properly then you cannot sell your products here. Neither as a British company, Irish nor Luxembourgish."
I can, because that is the law. And to change it, it must be the will of all parties involved. Similar regulations. Harmonization.
So all the countries in Europe would have to say to the companies together: "You have the taxes to pay where you got revenue."
Yes. And there was such solution. I was in the group of economists who designed it for European Commission. The work has been going on since 2000. The system is called CCCTB, a common consolidated corporate tax base. Holding would not be able to transfer profits. They would pay where they actually operate.
The profits of a concern from all EU countries would be treated together. Only afterwards they would be divided into individual countries. This is done by a special algorithm that takes into account how many people a holding employs in a given country, their turnover and their revenue. Those are all countable things. Finally, the part of the company's profit that each country is attributed is taxed on their own rates.
Is it effective?
Yes. Because it is harder to escape.
** What about the Cayman Islands?**
Then you can tell such a company: "You cannot operate in EU." And then the CEO would think twice whether he can afford to abandon the market of 500 million consumers.
So what happened to the CCCTB?
Same as always. At the international forum everyone praised it: "Great idea! Let's finish with optimization! " And then through the joint forces the directive was diluted. Work on CCCTB lasted twelve years. I participated in negotiations, talked with government representatives. The finance minister of a great European country would come with three other people. Handshakes, introductions and then I hear that these accompanying people are vice presidents and bookkeepers of the largest holding companies. Finally, in 2011, a draft of the regulation was created, which is full of holes.
It turned out that the CCCTB is supposed to be optional. This holding decides whether or not it wants to choose the solution or not. And no one has ensured inability to transfer of profits between the old and the new system of paying taxes. The holding could announce that it is using CCCTB, everyone applauds, but 90% of the profit is still taxed the old way. Anyways, even this diluted version of CCCTB was not introduced. Several countries - including Poland - vetoed. "You are entering our national legislation, you are taking our tax sovereignty," etc. Works are underway. Maybe something will still come out of it.
And plague continues to infect?
Infects and mutates. Societies say, "Where is the justice? The holdings do not pay, and you torture the poor entrepreneur who has nowhere to run." This can lead to a revolution. Tax optimization has serious implications for small and medium-sized businesses. It suffocates them.
The state has a strictly defined budget policy after all. It must collect resources to spend them later. If the biggest companies do not pay what they should, where does the tax office go? To small and medium enterprise. A bit like in the yard, where it is easier to bully small and weaker than big and strong. In healthy capitalism, medium companies are breathing on big companies necks because a medium sized company could be smarter and more agile. And from time to time they succeed and there is a healthy exchange of leaders. This mechanism works much worse if the average person has to pay a tax of 20 percent, and a big holding - 2 percent. And so the big one has the means to kill off the competition.
How much does Poland lose on optimizing CIT?
46 billion a year (Zlotys). This is from Luxleaks documents, among others. They showed how much money each country is losing.
It's almost as much as a Polish deficit.
Yes. In the corridors in Brussels, it is sometimes said that Poland is an intelligent tax haven, as it allows large companies not to pay. But even if we have the characteristics of this paradise, firstly - it happened by chance, and secondly - we do not gain anything. We do not act cleverly like Austria or Ireland. Only: "it just happened".
We are a stupid tax haven. The fact that our fiscal system is toothless in face of international corporations is not due to dealings, but rather due to the power of inertia. We do not even know what ways of optimizing holdings are using in our country. It must be check by the official on the bottom, and if he is not trained, he will not check.
For billions of European funds we build roads, bridges, tunnels. Contractors are companies from all over the world. But as you look at what tax revenue was at the time when the EU funds flowed the fastest, it turned out that CIT did not move. But it should be much higher because so much was being built. So what is going on? International advisory firms, before we joined the EU, have been already selling pilot programs that allow them to optimize taxes in Poland in the context of EU programs. Now there are more EU billions flowing. And there are ready-made, slightly modified tax solutions from the previous budget perspective. Can Poland do something about it?
Something can be done. A little bit.
** So that they would pay 19%?**
Well, come on! They will not pay that much. About 10 percent could be achieved if we seal the system. To get the full amount - that is so they honestly chip in to the costs of the state and something more - it could only be achieved through solidary activities of the EU member states.
CCCTB. And a transnational fiscal office that would be able to resist the pressure of markets. Because if a single state introduces too restrictive solutions, then it is punished by them. Even strong Germany can not afford too much. The paradox is that sovereignty over the markets can be gained today only by renouncing part of the national state's prerogatives in order to create such a common strong body.
Actually why are you on this, and not the other side? As a tax advisor you would earn much more.
Tax optimization for 20 years interested me scientifically. I prefer to explore it rather than search for tricks for businesses.
You studied it mainly in the West.
Because we did not have enough data here. I began to specialize in this in Lublin during my studies in the 90s and it was considered a weird thing to do at the time. So I went to study optimization techniques n the USA. Then I returned to Europe to study in Vienna and Paris. I carried out a project for the European Commission, searched for loopholes in EU tax law, and then tried to patch them. Because I was a scientist, it opened some door in the holdings, I could look closely at the methods of optimization.
Why did you come back to Poland?
Because in 2014 I got a call from the Ministry of Finance. Mateusz Szczurek suggested that I help in creating a strategy to seal our tax system. We have worked for over a year with the entire team. The strategy was created, but it was not implemented.
Szczurek was strongly in favor. He tried to push it. "Excellent. But after the elections"- politicians decided. I suspect they did not want to have the business moan about the controls. Small and medium businesses owners are also voting after all.
Holdings had a great PR. I say this with some admiration. An element of our strategy was the introduction of the so-called tax evasion clause. Thanks to this, the tax office could look into the accounts of the corporation, pick out the odd transactions that serve optimization, and force them to pay the proper amount of tax. The media were informed, small and medium business began to scream that it would be a razor in the hands of a stupid monkey, that is, the state. The ministry, unfortunately, could not reasonably oppose this propaganda. I explained to the Polish Chamber of Commerce of the Polish business: "That razor is for international holdings, not for you!" We managed to convince them a little so the resistance was weakening, but the elections were coming and nothing has came out of it. We have shown our strategy to the deputies (MPs) - the so-called tax shield. They were very disturbed that the budget was losing so much money: "Scandalous!", "You have to do something about it", etc. Then in fact nobody has shown any interest in it. Imagine that after this presentation for MPs I got only one phone - from the embassy of one of the neighboring countries. They tried to get me to advise the finance minister. But you have managed to do something in Poland?
Not really. My only success is that I have put the problem out there. A few years ago Polish politicians did not even speak about it.
Were they oblivious to it? They were aware of it. Just when it comes to talking about something, there is a problem: "But what are you going to do about it ?!" - journalists ask. And because we do not have tax optimization specialists in our administration, and we do not quite know what to do, politicians would prefer to sit quietly. There was a lot of talk about VAT carousels - that is criminal activity - because for better or worse, we can somehow handle that. But when it comes to corporate taxation, the problem has not been touched. Have PiS (Law and Justice, current ruling party) done something?
They introduced the tax avoidance clause, which was left by the previous government.
Have they called you?
They have. They proposed further work in the Tax Anti-Evasion Council. But after a year I have resigned.
Because the exchange of the personnel is not a way to fight the tax evasion. Many good officials from the Ministry of Finance have gone to consultancy companies. Meanwhile, sealing the system must be done by someone. Preferably by experienced people. Even the most determined minister will not do it himself.
Economist Thomas Piketty writes: "At the global level, the financial balance is negative. This is logically impossible unless we are in possession of Mars." What's with this Mars thing?
It's about money disappearing in a black hole. For example, the US central bank lets into the circulation $100 billion dollars and after one year of that money in circulation there is only 80. The rest disappears.
In tax havens. It is very easy to transfer revenue out of any recording system. To countries in Africa, Asia, which are outside of monitoring systems. And suddenly it turns out that the big corporation has no money, works pro publico bono.
How much money is in those paradises?
Nobody knows. Billions.
Edward Lucas, a journalist for The Economist, proposed to freeze assets in tax havens, auction them off and transfer the profits to state budgets. He writes: "To be honest, I was not expecting to attack so strongly the property rights, but if we do not fix this plutocracy, we can awake soon in the world of new Bolshevism."
Strong. Please note that this was written by a very pro-market journalist. The lack of real action on the part of the states makes the radical ideas emerge. It is understandable. People who have so far been thinking in terms of market liberalism are beginning to say, "You can clearly see that this theft cannot go on." And the societies are beginning to radicalize as they see these scandals.
And Lucas's idea to auction the tax havens off? "I would like it to be possible. But it's unreal. "Holy property rights", etc. So how is it?
I have already said - the most effective would be a joint action of the whole EU. There are many people, many communities and many countries that really care about it. All Europe is not yet infected. Germans are not. Britain was not. Spain struggled with tax evasion, even though it touched the royal family. Scandinavian countries - with some exceptions - also behave honestly. There is still a lot of strength on this good side.
Governments will increasingly feel the pressure of societies. Still a few years ago, when I tried to talk with Polish economists about the problem, I heard: "Holdings do not pay their taxes? These are some populist stories. " If I had not dealt with it as a professor and had not many years of experience in the West, then they would make me look like a crazy man. Today the climate of consent disappears, also in Poland. Citizens have enough of this free-riding by the holdings. Small and medium businesses are beginning to understand that they are the victims of these practices. Either the political class will deal with this problem or they will have to go away. Because empty budgets will not fill themselves. CV Dominik Gajewski - lawyer, economist, director of the Center for Analysis and Tax Studies of the Warsaw School of Economics. Author of several books on avoiding taxation by international concerns. In March of this year he co-organized the conference "International tax evasion and state security"
2013.10.07 00:48 xxudoxxI can translate English -> Polish
Hello, I live in Poland so it's my native languge but I think my English is quite good, well...good enough to try and help with some translations. Got some free time now so why not? Just to prove I can actually speak Polish, here's the translation of what I just wrote: Witam, mieszkam w Polsce, więc jest to mój język ojczysty, ale wydaje mi się, że mój angielski jest w miarę dobry, wystarczająco dobry aby spróbować pomóc w tłumaczeniu jakichś tekstów. Mam trochę wolnego czasu, więc dlaczego by nie? Transifex username: xxudoxx @Edit: I've done some translations already but it looks like there's not a single reviewer and the result is that out of 1713 translations only 594 are reviewed, guess I could help with that if you want me to.
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